Hellerau and its singularness

Hellerau is a district in the City of Dresden, Germany. It was the first garden city in Germany.

Based on the ideas of Ebenezer Howard, businessman Karl Schmidt-Hellerau founded Hellerau near Dresden in 1909. The idea was to create an organic, planned community. Several well-known architects participated in its construction, including Richard Riemerschmid, Heinrich Tessenow, Hermann Muthesius, Kurt Frick, Georg Metzendorf, Wilhelm Kreis and Bruno Paul.

Hellerau attracted cultural visionaries from all over Europe. Among them were Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, composer, and Gret Palucca and Mary Wigman, choreographers. Until the start of World War I, annual festivals attracted further members of the progressive elite of the time. In 1921, educator A. S. Neill founded his Summerhill School here. With the establishment of the National Socialist government in Germany in 1933, the progressive community at Hellerau ended.

Hellerau Festival House or Hellerau Theatre is a theatre/studio building/classroom building located in Hellerau, the famous garden city district of Dresden, Germany. Built in 1911 it was an important center for early modern theatre up until the rise of the Nazi party, World War II and afterword when the area became part of Communist-occupied East Germany.

After the German reunification and the departure of the Red Army, efforts were begun to restore the building, then nearly in ruins, to much of its original grandeur. The theatre was reopened to the public in September 2006 and restoration is currently ongoing.